Inequality is a serious threat to social and political stability. To overcome it requires empowerment, social and economic inclusion of all, irrespective of gender, race, ethnicity or economic status; ensuring equal opportunity and reducing inequalities of outcome through eliminating discrimination by means of appropriate policies and actions. A renewed commitment to political and social reforms is needed to maintain legitimacy and trust. Understanding marginalisation, and division and its effects across the social, economic and political and gender landscape is a prerequisite. Societies need to discuss what forms of services, and through which actors, the needs of citizens can best be met. Building a vision of a better future, supported by the globally agreed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) needs to ensure that no-one is left behind and that chronic poverty and social injustice is addressed.